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Challenges in the NYSC System and Reevaluation


The challenges in the NYSC system must be addressed holistically if the system must work and deliver on its mandate and expectations.

The National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) program has been a cornerstone of post-graduate experiences in Nigeria, aiming to foster national unity and provide practical skills to graduates. However, recent revelations of an undercover reporter successfully enrolling twice in the program have raised questions about the efficacy of the system and the need for checks and balances.

Historical Background:

Established on May 23, 1973, during the military regime of General Yakubu Gowon, the NYSC was designed to promote national cohesion. Graduates from universities and polytechnics are required to undergo a compulsory one-year service in their country, with the program headquarters situated in Abuja.

Undercover Breach:

The recent exposé highlights a significant breach in the NYSC enrollment system. The undercover reporter managed to enroll twice, shedding light on potential weaknesses in the program’s data-based processes. The reporter claimed that the NYSC is perceived as an elite scheme, and his actions raised concerns about the integrity of the system.

Challenges in the NYSC System:

The NYSC has faced criticism regarding its ability to prevent fraudulent entries and maintain accurate records. The system relies heavily on information provided by various senate institutions, and the recent incident underscores the need for robust checks and balances to ensure the program’s credibility.

Official Response:

In response to the revelations, an NYSC official acknowledged the reporter’s successful enrollment twice, attributing it to a change in the reporter’s contact details. This explanation has prompted public skepticism, with many questioning how such a significant breach could occur without the NYSC detecting it. The absence of checks and balances has become a focal point in the discourse.

Public Perception and Calls for Reevaluation:

The public perception of the NYSC as an elite scheme has intensified, raising concerns about fairness and transparency. Critics argue that the system must be overhauled to instill confidence in the populace. The President of the National Association of Nigerian Students (NANS) in the Republic of Benin has appealed to reconsider the blanket ban on certificates from institutions in that country, emphasizing the fate of thousands of students.

Government’s Response to the Challenges in the NYSC System

The Minister of Education, Prof. Tahir Mamman, mentioned the establishment of a body to review the ban on foreign institutions participating in the NYSC program. This initiative stemmed from concerns about fraudulent practices in some universities abroad. Balancing the need for global collaboration with the imperative to maintain the program’s integrity remains a challenge.

Other Challenges in the NYSC System include;

  1. Inadequate Funding (Challenges in the NYSC System)

One of the major challenges facing the NYSC system is inadequate funding. The program relies heavily on government funding, but budgetary constraints have often resulted in insufficient resources to effectively carry out its objectives. This has led to issues such as delayed payment of allowances to corps members and inadequate infrastructure in orientation camps.

Without adequate funding, the NYSC program struggles to provide the necessary support and resources for corps members to carry out their duties effectively. This not only affects the overall experience of the participants but also hinders the program’s ability to achieve its goals of national unity and development.

  1. Security Concerns

Another significant challenge faced by the NYSC system is security concerns. In recent years, there have been reports of attacks and violence against corps members in some parts of the country. These incidents not only put the lives of young graduates at risk but also created a sense of fear and uncertainty among participants.

Ensuring the safety and security of corps members should be a top priority for the NYSC program. Measures such as increased collaboration with security agencies, improved intelligence gathering, and the establishment of safe zones in volatile areas can help mitigate these security challenges.

  1. Relevance of the Program (Challenges in the NYSC System)

Some critics argue that the NYSC program has lost its relevance in today’s society. They argue that the original objectives of national unity and development can be achieved through other means, such as civic education and community service programs.

While it is true that there are alternative ways to promote national unity and development, the NYSC program still holds value. It provides young graduates with the opportunity to experience different cultures, traditions, and ways of life, fostering a sense of national identity and understanding. Additionally, the program allows participants to contribute to the development of underserved communities through various community development projects.

  1. Gender Inequality

Gender inequality is another challenge that the NYSC system needs to address. There have been reports of discrimination and harassment against female corps members, particularly in remote areas where traditional beliefs and practices still prevail.

Efforts should be made to create a safe and inclusive environment for all corps members, regardless of their gender. This can be achieved through awareness campaigns, training programs, and strict enforcement of policies against discrimination and harassment.


While the NYSC has played a pivotal role in shaping the post-graduate experience in Nigeria, recent events underscore the necessity for a comprehensive review of the enrollment system. The program’s effectiveness and credibility depend on implementing stringent checks and balances, ensuring that it continues to fulfill its intended purpose of fostering national unity and providing valuable skills to young graduates.

Also, it is crucial to acknowledge and address the challenges it faces to ensure its continued effectiveness. Adequate funding, improved security measures, relevance in today’s society, and gender equality are some of the key areas that also require attention.

Nigeria can strengthen the program and provide young graduates with a meaningful and impactful experience that contributes to their personal growth and the development of the nation.

Frequently Asked Questions:

The major challenges of the NYSY program include but are not limited to Insecurity, adequate funding, gender inequality, unpaid allowances, and lack of proper orientation among others.

By ensuring adequate security, funding, and providing proper environment for the participant to strive.

Setting up a check and balance system will ensure that the right students who have met all the requirements for participation of the program are enrolled into the program. The system should be able to set a proper verification process for the results of all the participating graduates and other verification procedures to ensure only the right and qualified people are allowed into the system.

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